Conflict & Displacement

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Armed Conflict Events (1989-2008)
50km >>>> 1,300 km radius
conflict zone extent

Displaced Peoples
(country of origin- end of 2015)
1 >>>>>>> 12 million

Displaced Peoples
(country of asylum- end of 2015)
1 >>>>>>> 7 million

Of the approximately 250 territorial disputes listed by the Central Intelligence Agency in 2014, at least 155 were occurring within the hotspots. In 2015 unresolved and new conflicts took place in Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Burundi, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Israel, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Russia, South Sudan, Syria, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, and Yemen. All of these nations except the Central African Republic, Niger, Mali, and the Ukraine contain biological hotspots within their sovereign jurisdiction.

According to the UNHCR the global population of displaced people has increased in the last 20 years from 37.3 million in 1996 to 65.3 million in 2015. 1 In 2015, the largest 'exporters' of refugees were Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Myanmar, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria. The main takers of refugees were Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo Ethiopia, Iran, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Pakistan, Uganda, and Turkey. All of these nations except Chad contain hotspots within their sovereign jurisdiction. 2

There are currently 40.8 million people internally displaced world-wide. 3 Nations with the predominant numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in 2015 were Afghanistan, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, Nigeria, Ukraine, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. Again, all bar the Ukraine contain hotspots within their sovereign jurisdiction.

1 UNHCR, "Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2015" (2015). Available at

2 ibid.

3 ibid.

1. Armed Conflict Events

John Dittrich Hallberg, "PRIO Conflict Site 1989-2008: A Geo-Referenced Dataset on Armed Conflict," Conflict Management and Peace Science 29 (2012): 219-232. Dataset available at

2. Displaced Peoples-country of origin

UNHCR, "Global Trends: Forces Displacement in 2015," (accessed June 26, 2016).

3. Displaced peoples-country of asylum

UNHCR, "Global Trends: Forces Displacement in 2015," (accessed June 26, 2016).