Landscape Intelligence

Landscape Architecture University Degree Programs

International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) Members

(Big International NGOs)
Conservation International (31)
World Wildlife Fund (78)
The Nature Conservancy (90)
Wildlife Conservation Society (35)
African Wildlife Foundation (5)


This map indicates both the location of landscape architectural education programs in the world as well as nations who are members of the International Federation of Landscape Architecture (IFLA). The IFLA's mission is to "create globally sustainable and balanced living environments for the benefit of humanity worldwide." 1 As argued in the introductory essay, because landscape architecture is a profession versed in integrating development and conservation, it has a significant role to play in creating more biodiverse landscapes.

Whilst the profession and academy of landscape architecture has flourished over the 20th and early 21st century the map reveals an obvious geographic disconnection between where landscape architecture is taught and where, from a biodiversity perspective, it is needed most. The only place in the last few decades to match the problem of a rapidly degrading environment with a proliferation of landscape architectural education is China.

Also included in the map are the locations of the BINGOs (big international non-government organizations). This shows that the global conservation movement has successfully organized itself geographically in a way that landscape architecture has not.

1 International Federation of Landscape Architecture, "About," (accessed September 6, 2016).

1. Landscape Architecture University Degree Programs

Referenced from numerous online sources including but not limited to: IFLA and ECLAS

2. IFLA Members

International Federation of Landscape Architects, "Member," (accessed August 25, 2015).

3. BINGO Offices

Conservation International, "Global Offices," (accessed August 25, 2015).
WWF, "WWF offices and associates around the world," (accessed August 25, 2015).
The Nature Conservancy, "About Us: Offices of the Nature Conservancy," (accessed August 25, 2015).
WCS, "Offices," (accessed August 25, 2015).
African Wildlife Foundation, "Contact Us," (accessed August 25, 2015).

4. Hotspots

Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, "The Biodiversity Hotspots," (accessed July 1, 2014). Data made available under the Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 License: